Emotional AI in Smart Cities


  • Lachlan Urquhart


  • Hiroshi Miyashita
  • Lena Podoletz
  • Konstantina Vemou
  • Kentaro Ryu
  • Paul Breitbarth

Organisation: Chuo University

Room: Online 1

Timing: 11:45 - 13:00 on 28 January 2021

This panel compares the emergence of emotional AI technologies in Japanese and UK/EU contexts. We will unpack the phil-osophical, social, ethical, cultural, legal and design questions surrounding tracking of affect, emotion and intention in settings such as homes, workplaces and public spaces. We will reflect on how machine-readable emotions will impact fundamental rights and citizen interests, particularly in relation to information privacy, data protection and human relationships with syn-thetic personalities. The panel will consider some implications of data protection in the case of facial recognition and autonomous robot car in public spaces and smart cities.

• How do emerging technologies change our life and what is the state of the art of emotional AI in smart cities?
• What can we learn from cross cultural perspectives on affect/emotion sensing in Japan and Europe?
• What are the appropriate data subjects rights and governance mechanisms for invisible sensing in smart cities?
• How do we design for an ethical life in smart cities?


Lachlan Urquhart

University of Edinburgh (UK)

I am a Lecturer in Technology Law at the University of Edinburgh and Visiting Researcher at Horizon, University of Nottingham. I have a multidisciplinary background in computer science (PhD) and law (LL.B; LL.M). My main research interests are in human computer interaction, ubiquitous computing, data protection and cybersecurity. I have been Co-I on funded projects totalling over £5m from EPSRC, ESRC, AHRC, Universitas 21, Impact Accelerator Funds, and Research Priority Funds. For recent publications and project activities see here


Hiroshi Miyashita

Chuo University (JP)

Hiroshi Miyashita is Associate Professor of Law, Faculty of Policy Studies, at Chuo University in Japan and specializes in Constitutional Law and Information Law.
Prior to this, he has served for the Office of Personal Information Protection in the Cabinet Office.
He received his LL.D. from Hitotsubashi University and has conducted research on data privacy as a visiting scholar at Harvard Law School, Brussels Privacy Hub, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, CRIDS (Centre de Recherche Information, Droit et Société), University of Namur, and Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.

Lena Podoletz

University of Edinburgh (UK)

Dr Lena Podoletz is a Research Fellow in Emotional AI and Smart Cities at the University of Edinburgh. Her main research areas are algorithmic bias and transparency, the use of algorithmic decision-making systems in criminal justice and policing, social exclusion and marginalisation and the regulation and use of urban space.

Konstantina Vemou


Konstantina joined the EDPS as a Technology and Security Officer in 2020. As part of the Technology and Privacy unit, she provides advice on technology developments having an impact on privacy and other fundamental rights, due to the processing of personal data. Among the topics she focuses on: privacy and data protection by design and by default, data protection impact assessment and facial recognition. Her studies are in the area of Information and Communication Systems and she holds a PhD in Privacy by design in Social Networking Services, from the University of the Aegean. Her professional experience includes 10 years in the Hellenic public sector, in areas of security and personal data protection.

Kentaro Ryu


Paul Breitbarth

TrustArc (NL)

Paul Breitbarth is a privacy lawyer from the Netherlands. In 2016, he joined the Canadian company Nymity, which became part of TrustArc in November 2019. He serves as Director, EU Policy and Strategy and is based in The Hague (NL). Paul contributes to TrustArc’s thought leadership via papers, webinars and public speaking opportunities on a variety of topics, including accountability, the demonstration of compliance and dealing with multiple data protection laws with one single privacy program. Paul also maintains regulator contacts across the EU. He is Sr. Visiting Fellow at Maastricht University's European Centre on Privacy and Cybersecurity.