Automated decision-making: towards effective remedies in a changing world?


  • Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel


  • Sarah Eskens
  • Hans Ingels
  • Julia Reda
  • Alexandre Biard

Organisation: Liège Competition and Innovation Institute (LCII), University of Liège

Room: Online 1

Timing: 16:00 - 17:15 on 28 January 2021

Automated decision-making is becoming increasingly popular among public administrations and private actors. In times of economic recession, having in place tools that allow for refined decisions at lower cost are more appealing than ever before. However, in those circumstances, individuals should also have access to remedies that allow to challenge, review and overturn those automated decisions.

At EU level, particular administrative or private remedial structures have been or are being created in data protection, mutual recognition and copyright in that regard.

The purpose of this panel is to assess the relationship between those new (proposed) sector-specific structures and the fundamental right to an effective remedy.

• Is the right not to be subject to automated decision-making in Art. 22 GDPR sufficient to ensure fundamental rights protection?
• Beyond the GDPR, does automated decision-making require the introduction of new or modified remedies under EU law?
• Could the EU develop a more streamlined remedial approach instead of a sector-specific one?
• Should the non-contractual liability remedy be modified in light of automated decision-making risks?


Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel

LCII-University of Liège (BE)

Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel is professor of European Union law and directeur of the Liège Competition and Innovation Institute, University of Liège, Belgium. He obtained his LLB, LLM and PhD in law from KU Leuven and an additional LLM from Harvard Law School. His current research focuses on the regulation of Artificial intelligence at the EU level, EU administrative law and EU internal market law.


Sarah Eskens

University of Amsterdam (NL)

Sarah Eskens is a lecturer at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. She wrote her doctoral research at the Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam, on the regulation of news personalization from a fundamental rights perspective. Sarah's research and teaching broadly concern privacy, data protection, and media law. Her current research focuses on the regulation of contact tracing apps in EU Member States.

Hans Ingels

European Commission (EU)

Hans Ingels is the Head of the Free Movement of Goods Unit in the European Commission's DG for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs. The Unit is also responsible for market surveillance and mutual recognition for goods. Hans Ingels obtained a Law Degree (KULeuven – Belgium), a Degree in Notarial Studies (KULeuven - Belgium), a Postgraduate in Company Law (KUBrussel Belgium) and a Master Degree in European and International Law (VUBrussel – Belgium). He joined the European Commission in 1995 and spent most of his career on files related to the single market for products.

Julia Reda

GFF Society for Civil Rights (DE)

Alexandre Biard


Alexandre Biard is a senior legal officer at BEUC - the European Consumer Organisation and an affiliated academic researcher and lecturer at Erasmus University Rotterdam.