Charles Raab is Professorial Fellow, University of Edinburgh; Director, Centre for Research into Information, Surveillance and Privacy (CRISP); co-Chair, Independent Digital Ethics Panel for Policing (IDEPP); Fellow, Alan Turing Institute and member, ATI Data Ethics Group; Member, Home Office Biometrics and Forensics Ethics Group. Research: privacy, data protection, ethics, surveillance, ‘smart’ environments, security, democracy. Many publications including The Governance of Privacy; A Report on the Surveillance Society. Evidence to UK parliamentary committees; Specialist Adviser, House of Lords Constitution Committee for inquiry, Surveillance: Citizens and the State. Fellow, Academy of Social Sciences; Fellow, Royal Society of Arts.